N. S. Venkataraman
The farming community has always been held in high esteem in India which possesses the second largest agricultural land in the world (around 60%), only next to the USA.
So when the farmers feel distressed, the Indian society becomes concerned and wants to do whatever it can, to help remove the crisis. The government steps in with its schemes, offers and waivers.
In spite of this, in the last few months, the farming community has become vocal and has also resorted to agitations on one count or the other. Despite the crisis, such violent protests are inappropriate.
Causes of Farmers’ Distress
In some states like Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, farmers have suffered during the last one year due to drought conditions and consequent failure of crop output. In other regions like Maharashtra and Telangana, farmers are distressed due to surplus crop production and consequent drop in the market price.
Both are genuine concerns and it is the duty of the country to help the farmers in such a scenario.
Types of Farmers
There are different kinds of people involved in agricultural operations and all claim themselves as farmers. The question is whether all of them are justified in claiming themselves so.
One section of people has agricultural land in rural areas but live in far off places engaging in some other profession. They lease their land, but still call themselves farmers.
Another section lives near the agricultural land they hold, but do not themselves plough or cultivate their land. They employ workmen to do the physical labour and pay them wages. They also call themselves farmers.
A third section holds small area of land and physically works on the land. They are the genuine farmers.
A fourth section of people are those who do not hold any land, but work on the agricultural fields on daily wage basis. They are tillers; they cultivate the land, but sadly, are economically the most distressed.
The first three classes of people described above do not recognize these tillers as farmers. The most affected lot during the distress conditions in agricultural operations are the tillers (agricultural workers) who are left high and dry.
Sops for Farmers
The government has initiated a number of schemes for the benefit of the farmers, such as crop insurance, soil health card, e-marketing of agricultural products, kisan credit card scheme to avail of quick loans and many others. Additionally, the farmers get other benefits from the government such as free electricity and exemption from income tax. There is no distinction made in providing such benefits to the large, medium and small scale farmers. Nevertheless, these schemes do not appear to give adequate relief to the farming community.
Demand for Loan Waiver
While the government has given a number of reliefs to the farmers, the major demand of the farmers now is that their entire agricultural loan should be waived all over the country. The government and the banks find it difficult to do so as it would cause a distress situation for the banks and severely affect the finances of the government. But, the farmers do not seem to care about the problems of the government and the banks.
Even so, several state governments have waived agricultural loan availed by the farmers partly and in some states fully in the recent years, in spite of the deficit scenario that the government faces. Such waiver of loan inevitably would affect the ability of the government and banks to implement development projects and introduce welfare measures for the poor people.
Furthermore, while distress in agricultural operations do cause serious problems to the farmers resulting in default of loans, even during the non-distress period, many farmers default on loan repayment owing to various reasons including their indiscipline in personal and family finance management. The agitating farmers seem to ignore this view.
Violent agitation not appropriate
It is not appropriate that farmers should engage themselves in violent protests like stoning transport buses, blocking roads and rails or unseemly protests like eating rat or undressing themselves in public.
Such behaviour of agitating farmers hurts the nation’s goodwill they enjoyed so far. Many discerning observers wonder whether farmers should resort to such extreme form of protests. It makes one wonder whether these agitators are really the hardworking farmers or some people with vested interests whose goal is not necessarily the farmers’ welfare.
We as a nation are concerned when the farmers are in distress. But, the farmers too need to realize that such violent form or unseemly agitations do not help their cause.
It has also been noticed that some of these so-called leaders of agricultural groups talk and behave like politicians rather than like representatives of the farmers.
The farmers need to realize that there are many people who are not involved in agricultural operations but in several other areas who are equally distressed. If everyone starts agitating violently, where will it all end up?
From FF Digital: A recent news report states that the fishermen now want loan waivers! Yes, where does it all end? Any answers?