Will Democracy Ever Happen in China?

N. S. Venkataraman

Twenty-seven years ago, Chinese military tanks rolled into the Tiananmen Square in Beijing to crush pro-democracy protests in China.  Thousands of unarmed activists and civilians were killed. While the world was shocked at this ruthless and merciless act, the communist leadership in China remained unconcerned about world opinion and did not care what the world thought regarding its actions. Continue reading


Hindu Raj Then, Saffron Raj Now

Dr. T. Hanuman Chowdary

Under the Government of India Act 1935, elections were held to provincial (now state) legislatures in 1937.  At that time, Muslims were a separate electorate and had reserved seats, roughly one-third more than their proportion in the provinces where they were in a minority.  However, not a single nationalist Muslim of the Congress could win a seat reserved for the Muslims.  In the six Hindu dominated provinces – Madras, Orissa, Bihar, UP, Bombay and Central Province – the Congress secured a majority and formed its ministries.  But no Muslim was found in those Ministries as no Congress Muslim won in the constituencies reserved for Muslims.

Hindu Raj in the Congress-ruled provinces

The Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah criticized the Congress governments for having ushered in Hindu Raj.  Every Hindu-Muslim riot was alleged to have been initiated by the Hindus and it was believed that the Hindus were abetted by the Congress’s Hindu Raj.  Among the charges levelled by the Muslim League against the Congress’s Hindu Raj were – singing of Vande Mataram made compulsory, hoisting the tri-colour flag on all buildings, discouraging the use of the Urdu language which led to its decline and ban of cow-slaughter.  Muslim culture and life were becoming insecure and their mosques, mazars and shrines were being desecrated.

Muslim League’s Riposte

To counter the atrocities by Hindu Raj and bring to the fore the grievances of the Muslims, the Muslim League set up three committees which issued three reports – the Pirpur Report (1938) under the chairmanship of Raja Syed Mohammed Mehdi of Pirpur, “Muslim Sufferings under Congress Rule” (1939) by A. K. Fazlul Huq and the Shareef Report (1939) giving an account of the grievances of the Muslims in Bihar.

At that time, there were no communists (like Sitaram Yechuri), no social activists (like Teesta Setalvad or Arundhati Roy), no casteist secularists (like Laloo Prasad Yadav, Mulayam Singh Yadav) or Nehruvian secular-socialists (like  Digvijay Singh) or secular  intellectuals (like Js. Rajender Sachar) and Marxist eminent historians (like Irfan Habib, Romila Thapar) or self-styled secular fundamentalists (like Mani Shankar Aiyar) to take up the cause of the minorities and propagate the cry of their religion being in danger under Hindu Raj of 1937-39.

The then Viceroy Linlithgow, who was no friend of the Congress or the Hindus, had received the three reports submitted by the Muslim League on the atrocities of the  Congress’s Hindu Raj, got them studied and investigated, and absolved the Congress governments of all charges of atrocities and persecution levelled by the  Muslim League.

Day of Deliverance

On 2nd September 1939, Great Britain declared war on Germany. Viceroy Linlithgow declared India too to be at war against Germany without consulting the Indian leaders and Provincial Governments.  This led to the resignation of the Congress Ministries; and that delighted the Muslim League.  Grabbing the opportunity, Jinnah called upon the Muslims all over India to observe 22nd December 1939 (incidentally it was a Friday) as the Day of Deliverance – deliverance from Hindu Raj.

Cut to the Present

As in 1937-39, since May 2014, we hear the “minorities” cry of them being in danger.  Their religion, lifestyle, food – in short, their identity – are all in danger.  The BJP governments at the Center and in the states are “saffronising” governance, and educational and cultural institutions. Sanskrit is being promoted, yoga, Surya Namaskarams and the compulsory singing of Vande Mataram are being imposed and the minorities are even deprived of having their staple foods (the beef ban).

In short, it appears that their very existence is threatened.  So we have persons like Mohammad Azam Khan, Samajwadi Party MP from U.P. petitioning the UN to stop the saffronising Modi government from persecuting Muslims in India.  This is reminiscent of the Nizam of Hyderabad petitioning the U.N. Security Council in 1948 that the Indian government was committing war-like acts and aggression on his peaceful sovereign state.

The minorities (i.e. Muslims) are now joined by their congenital allies – the Communists (eight so-styled parties in India), the secular intellectuals, the progressive writers, the casteists, the vote-begging regional Samajwadis, and of course, eminent historians (many of them Marxists) of the Jawaharlal Nehru University, and finally, the (Sonia) Congress which, by now, is a captive of the minorities and claiming itself to be their sole protector.

Under the Congress rule, many government-patronized and funded institutions like ICHR (Indian Council of Historical Research), ICCR (Indian Council for Cultural Relations), NMM&L (Nehru Memorial Museum and Library) and the humanities faculties of Central Universities were infiltrated by anti-Hindus of various faiths, ideologies and interests.  It is these groups and the beneficiary writers and artists who, in league with the minorities, are echoing the 1937-39 cry of Congress’s Hindu Raj and raising the slogan of BJP’s Saffron Raj.

To say that minorities in India are in danger is a totally unabashed charge.  The BJP and its allies must unswervingly tread the path of justice for all, no favour for or discrimination against any faith, religion or Dharma.  The government should not retreat from actions that would make Bharat a prosperous, powerful, intellectual and ethical nation-state.

In conclusion, let me quote from Dr. B. R. Ambedkar’s book “Pakistan or the Partition of India” published in 1940.

“I do not think the demand for Pakistan is the result of mere political distemper, which will pass away with the efflux of time.  As I read the situation, it seems to me that it is a characteristic in the biological sense of the term which the Muslim body politic has developed in the same manner as an organism develops a characteristic. Whether it will survive or not, in the process of natural selection, must depend upon the forces that may become operative in the struggle for existence between Hindus and Musalmans.”

Dr. T. Hanuman Chowdary is Chairman, Pragna Bharati, Andhra Pradesh, Director, Center for Telecom Management and Studies and former Chairman and Managing Director, Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited.  E-mail: hanuman.chowdary@tcs.com

Corruption and the state of our Republic

“Can corrupt politicians ever be punished in India?” Mr. N. S. Venkataraman questions and writes about the cancer that is eating up our country’s core.  As if on cue, some days later we receive Mr. Firoze Hirjikaka’s essay on the state of our 66 years old Republic.

We put the two articles in one post as the underlying theme is the same.  Mr. Hirjikaka, inter alia, touches upon corruption, which has become an integral part of the state of the Republic.  

We invite comments from readers.  You can “Leave a Reply” in the column at the end of the post.  Let’s have a lively debate on this topic of corruption which has affected all of us in some way or the other and also how you feel our Republic has fared.   Continue reading

Fallout of Bihar Elections

The rigmarole on the indian political scene, as expected, continues unabated. Our regular contributor, Nitin G. Raut puts in perspective the aftermath of last month’s elections in Bihar.   


The dust over the Assembly elections in Bihar has settled. The results were seen by some as a re-affirmation of secularism and, by others, as a revival of casteist forces.   Continue reading

Some People are More Equal than Others (Part 2) – By H. R. Bapu Satyanarayana

This is the second and final part of the article.  Mr. Bapu Satyanarayana takes us through four case studies.   Though the four persons he refers to are indians / or of indian origin, the difference, as he points out, lies in the system.  In the indian system, more often than not, hoi polloi are meted out a different treatment than creme de la creme.  Compare this to his fourth case study where justice is not only swift, but the high contacts of the accused could not change the diktat of the court of law.     

Salman Khan’s hit and run case

Salman Khan has acted in more than 150 films – many of them are block-busters. The film producers have exploited Salman’s macho personality to build a screen image of a man with a heart of gold which made his fans hero worship him.  This explains why Salman suffused with his self importance was involved in a controversy. For the 49 year old actor called ‘Bhai’, nemesis caught up when the Additional Sessions Judge D. W. Deshpande sentenced him on May 6, 2015 to five-year rigorous imprisonment finding him guilty of culpable homicide on clinching evidence. All evidence showed that Salman was driving under the influence of alcohol on September 28, 2002 when he ran over people sleeping on the pavement and killed one Nurulla and injured four others. ‘Hero Bhai’ Salman vanished and was arrested only a day later.  It also transpires that Salman did not have a driving licence.  It was expected that Salman would be jailed but instead it was conviction at 2 pm and interim bail at 4 pm! Justice A. M. Thipsey says, “It is not a case where I should keep him in jail till his appeal is heard and decided… we can’t take pleasure in seeing that someone is inside…why his right should suffer when his appeal is admitted and kept pending”. Until the next hearing on July 15, he was on bail and even permitted to leave India. The Bollywood fraternity came in droves to support Salman Khan including the redoubtable Aamir Khan who also anchors the tele-serial Satyameva Jayate. The strangest of all arguments is that Salman Khan has donated Rs.49 crore as though it will compensate for any violation of law.  In this sordid drama, the only silver lining is the 240-page verdict of the Additional Sessions Judge.

Sanjay Dutt Case

A popular Bollywood actor Sanjay Dutt, son of the illustrious couple Sunil Dutt and Nargis, was arrested under TADA and convicted in connection with the 1993 bomb blast case on the charge that he was in possession of a 9 mm pistol and an AK-56 assault rifle. During the trial it was established that he had connections with the underground don Dawood Ibrahim and that he tried to destroy the weapons.  On March 21, 2013, the Supreme Court convicted him to five years’ imprisonment.  Like Salman Khan his film image through blockbuster films – Munna Bhai MBBS and the image of Gandhigiri in the film Lage Raho Munnabhai catapulted him to be the darling of his fans that he can do no wrong.  He received sympathy from his film industry friends who believed that he was innocent.  It was owing to the connections of his father, the late Sunil Dutt who belonged to the Congress Party and later of his sister, also an MP could have played a part in watering down the charges from TADA to conviction on the Arms Act. The General Secretary of Congress Digvijay Singh jumped to his support while Justice Katju advanced strange argument saying that Sanjay suffered for the past 20 years whereas he got married twice during this period. Sanjay Dutt being granted bail frequently for one reason or the other had become normal charade with the result he has been out of jail for 40% of the time. Since the film industry’s more than Rs.200 crore were riding on him the ostensible reason for giving bail was that it would help the larger purpose of employment in the film industry!

Jayalalitha’s Disproportionate Assets Case

The trial of Jayalalitha is a saga of 18 years delay, involving 7 judges, 130 adjournments. In the judgment pronounced on September 27, 2014 the special court convicted her and all accused to 4 year simple imprisonment in connection with disproportionate assets case amounting to Rs.66.68 crores. On hearing the verdict, Tamil Nadu literally exploded because she has enormous fan following. It is reported in the section of the press                                           about 244 fans committing suicide!  It was the first case of a Chief Minister, in office, having to step down.  However, in May 2015 a single judge bench of the Karnataka High Court overturned the trial court verdict and acquitted all, and Jayalalitha has been sworn as the Chief Minister once again. According to the judge there was an arithmetical mistake and the actual amount was much lower and hence did not constitute disproportionate assets. However, after much vacillation the Karnataka government on June 5, 2015 issued a notification appointing Counsel B. V. Acharya as special counsel to appeal on behalf of the State government to argue the Special Leave Petition to be filed in the Supreme Court challenging the Karnataka High Court verdict acquittal.


Rajat Gupta’s case in the USA

Rajat Gupta, a high profile businessman of Indian origin, has made a name for himself in the USA, and is more famous for his charity work.  He too has a huge fan of admirers.  He is part of the charmed circle claiming intimacy with the likes of the former President of America, Bill Clinton, Microsoft’s Bill Gates, former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan and a host of others. He was convicted on the charge of insider trading and sentenced to two years’ imprisonment and had to pay a huge fine.  Rajat Gupta’s lawyers have argued that he did not accrue ‘direct financial benefit’ (reminds us of our PM Manmohan Singh’s recent statement) from the insiders trading. This, however, did not weigh with the court in its verdict in permanently banning him from serving as an officer or director of a public company which the lawyers contend is a ‘heavy price’ that Rajat Gupta was ordered to pay. The apex court even denied Rajat Gupta’s appeal against the life ban. Bill Gates, Kofi Annan and several prominent businessmen and humanitarians asked the US Judge to show favours when it was known he would be sentenced. Kofi Annan in his letter said “I urge you to recognize Rajat Gupta for the good he has done in the world to give him the credit he deserves for helping others and to take into account his efforts to improve the lives of millions of people”.  Rajat Gupta’s reputation for charity was so legendary that one of the members of the jury was moved to observe, “We wanted that the allegations weren’t true but at the end of the day the evidence was just overwhelming”.  In the end, the law of the land triumphed and Rajat Gupta was sent to jail.


The three cases – Salman Khan, Sanjay Dutt and Jayalalitha – which are only the tip of the iceberg, show how the Indian system works in favour of the high and mighty.  It makes a mockery of the oft quoted statement that whosoever you may be, the law is above you.  The tragic reality is that vast majority of the poor and the helpless languish in jail for decades for petty crimes.  It is the running theme of our so called world’s largest democracy whereas in the USA, which we are fond of running down on many counts, have shamed us as far as upholding the law of the land is concerned. It has held a mirror to us showing the black face of hypocrisy by making an example of the legends like Rajat Gupta not being spared when they cross the Lakshman Rekha.

MR. H. R. BAPU SATYANARAYANA is a freelance writer based in Mysore.  Email: what_option@yahoo.co.in

Some People Are More Equal Than Others (Part 1) – By H. R. Bapu Satyanarayana

It makes a mockery of the oft quoted statement that whosoever you may be, the law is above you.

The case involving the conviction and release on bail of the popular Bollywood star Salman Khan has led to animated public discussion. It has a certain parallel with the novel Animal Farm written by George Orwell in 1946. It is a satirical novel in which story revolves round a group of animals who oust the humans from the farm on which they live. This happens because the animals see through the ploy of the humans when they say that Man and Animals have a common interest and that the prosperity of one is the prosperity of the other. In reality the animals find that Man serves the interest of no creature except himself. Intelligence dawns that man is responsible for their miserable condition. The animals run the farm by themselves only to have it degenerate into a brutal tyranny of its own. Animals had assumed, as a matter of course, that the product of their hard work would be shared. But pigs behave as if they own the farm and have a canine force to back up their claim. Their justification is that they are the brainworkers and claim that whole organization depends on them because they are watching over the welfare of other animals.

The canine force can be compared to the Bollywood fraternity that has defended Salman Khan, and earlier, Sanjay Dutt with tenacity as if their screen image is sufficient to bail them out of any heinous crime they commit. In the case of Salman Khan there was another additional reason – his charity work. If this is the case of Bollywood stars the other powerful and moneyed people like Ramalinga Raju of Satyam fame or Jayalalitha and others of their ilk tell a sordid story of justice being derailed. It appears the whole system conspires to bail them out to symbolize that the powerful and influential people in our society are above the pale of law making a caricature of our system of democracy while lakhs of poor people languish in jails across the country for years for committing petty crimes.

Another sickening feature is the double standard of our so called erudite criminal lawyers who, for hefty fees, are prepared to sell their soul to defend the indefensible. They indulge in technical wizardry of judicial interpretation to lead astray the system that is patently immoral and unethical. They have their professional justification alright but it is rotten to the core.

While we boast that we are the largest working democracy in the world, the comparison with other more evolved democracy like United States of America is revealing. The recent case of Rajat Gupta, a high profile businessman and a legend in his time for his charity work and belongs to the charmed circle of former president Bill Clinton, Bill Gates, Kofi Annan, was jailed for two years for insider trading despite their appeal to the District Judge.

The hypocrisy of the Bollywod fraternity which has enormous popularity and wields influence on millions of its fans is glaring. While the film fraternity has stood solidly behind Salman Khan and Sanjay Dutt’s conviction on grounds of grave crimes, their conscience does not seem to be perturbed on India’s national tragedy concerning the Kashmir problem when Pakistan is bleeding India for decades by terrorist attacks or when Pandits are hounded out of their homes.

MR. H. R. BAPU SATYANARAYANA is a freelance writer based in Mysore.  E-mail: what_option@yahoo.co.in

FF Online Says : Mr. Bapu Satyanarayana had written this piece in June 2015 which we were unable to carry owing to space restriction in Freedom First July 2015 issue (print edition).  This is the first part of his article.  The four case studies made by him on this subject will be put up soon.